With the continuous development of China's economy, the country's support for the environmental protection industry has gradually increased, investment has increased significantly, and the environmental protection industry has developed rapidly. The solid waste treatment industry, as a core component of the environmental protection industry, is in the rising period of the industry development and has a bright future Optimistic.
I. Development status of the solid waste treatment industry:
There are many types of solid wastes and complicated classification. According to the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Waste, solid waste refers to solid and semi-solid waste that pollutes the environment during production, construction, daily life, and other activities. It mainly includes domestic waste, construction waste, and construction waste. , Urban sewage treatment plant sludge, green garbage, feces, animal carcasses, medical waste, electronic waste, abandoned vehicles, industrial waste, agricultural waste, hazardous waste, etc.
According to the source of solid waste and the degree of harm to the environment, solid waste can generally be divided into three categories: domestic garbage, general industrial solid waste, and hazardous waste. The possible pollution hazards caused by solid waste to the environment are multifaceted. It will not only cause direct pollution of water bodies, soil and the atmosphere, but also cause damage to the ecological environment and threaten human health. In general, these solid wastes need to be treated and safely disposed of in order to eliminate environmental and ecological risks.
In recent years, with the government's emphasis on environmental protection, China's investment in environmental protection industry has continued to increase. During the "Tenth Five-Year Plan" period, China's total investment in environmental protection was less than one trillion yuan. By the "11th Five-Year Plan" period, China's total investment in environmental protection and investment in solid waste treatment reached 2.16 trillion and 0.21 trillion respectively, and then reached the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan". At the end, China ’s total investment in environmental protection and investment in solid waste treatment reached 3.40 trillion and 0.80 trillion, respectively. The market scale has expanded dramatically, and the industry scale is expected to grow rapidly.
2. Technical development of solid waste treatment industry:
At present, China implements two major types of technical policies for solid waste treatment: traditionalization and resource utilization. Among them, traditionalization is the main policy, while developed countries in Europe and the United States generally dominate resource recovery.
Analysis of investment space in the solid waste treatment industry
As the country attaches great importance to the environmental protection industry, the public ’s increased awareness of environmental protection, and the fact that the huge annual output of solid waste and the serious inadequacy of processing facilities are inadequate, in recent years China has introduced a series of laws and regulations and related policies, which have increased The support for the solid waste treatment industry has promoted the development of the industry. The "Decision of the State Council on Accelerating the Cultivation and Development of Strategic Emerging Industries" is one of the strategic emerging industries in which energy conservation and environmental protection are being cultivated and developed at this stage. In recent years, a number of advanced solid waste treatment technologies have emerged. These technologies will have a large space for development in the future and have certain investment value.